Top Best Historical Places in India

April 5, 2018 Author: munishmishra04_3od47tgp
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The roots of Indian history lie in its historic forts, the ancient temples, and the alluring Mughal architecture. Unraveling these marvels will offer you a peek into the rich Indian history. One of the best things about traveling is exploring the history of a given place. Doing so can help us understand how it became what it is today. It can also help us question our own cultures and societies.

Time travel to the Past is now reality! Glory to a few places in India where you can witness History unfolding in front of your very eyes.

The many temples, forts, palaces and monuments in the country make up the historical places of India. These reflect the splendid heritage and culture of the country. The historical places in India depict the stunning craftsmanship on the stone which can be seen in many temples and forts. India is the birthplace of numerous cultures and religions making it one of the most important tourist destinations in the world. Being ruled over various dynasties and kingdoms before being established as a republic in the 20th century, India has more than thousand tourist attractions and several World Heritage Sites. Listed below are some of the most extravagant places you can visit in India. Here we are listing best historical place in India for visit:




1. The Taj Mahal

Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh

India is a diverse country steeped in history. Its past has seen a melting pot of different religions, rulers and empires — all of which have left their mark on the countryside. Many historical places in India are listed as UNESCO World Heritage sites due to their cultural importance.

One of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal is undoubtedly India’s most famous monument. It looms evocatively from the banks of the Yamuna River. Mughal emperor Shah Jahan had it built as a mausoleum for third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631. Construction took place over 16 years, from 1632 to 1648.

tajmahal

2. Qutub Minar

Location: Delhi

One of the tallest creations in the Indian history is the Qutub Minar. With its red sandstone and aesthetic Iranian architecture, the minaret is the most famous tourist attraction in India.

Qutab Minar is a soaring, 73 m-high tower of victory, built in 1193 by Qutab-ud-din Aibak immediately after the defeat of Delhi’s last Hindu kingdom. The tower has five distinct storeys, each marked by a projecting balcony and tapers from a 15 m diameter at the base to just 2.5 m at the top. The first three storeys are made of red sandstone; the fourth and fifth storeys are of marble and sandstone. At the foot of the tower is the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, the first mosque to be built in India. An inscription over its eastern gate provocatively informs that it was built with material obtained from demolishing ’27 Hindu temples’. A 7 m-high iron pillar stands in the courtyard of the mosque. It is said that if you can encircle it with your hands while standing with your back to it your wish will be fulfilled.

Qutub_Minar

3. Vitala Hampi Temple

Location: Ballari district, Karnataka

Now a laid back village in northern Karnataka, Hampi was once the last capital of Vijayanagar, one of the greatest Hindu empires in India’s history. Muslim invaders conquered the city in 1565, wreaking destruction and reducing it to ruins. It was pillaged and then abandoned.

Hampi has some captivating ruins, intriguingly intermingled with large boulders that rear up all over the landscape. The ruins date back to the 14th century and stretch for just over 25 kilometers (10 miles). They comprise more than 500 monuments, including magnificent Dravidian temples and palaces.  An incredible energy can be felt at this ancient place.

Humpi Temple

4. Red Ford

Location: Delhi

Neglected and in disrepair in parts, Delhi’s Red Fort may not be as impressive as some forts in India but it certainly has a distinguished history. One of the historical tourist places in India, the Red Fort was constructed over ten years from 1638 to 1648. This fort was constructed when Shah Jahan shifted the capital from Agra to Delhi and it was then known as the Qila-e-Mubarak. This octagonal fort is one of the most famous historical places in north India and is also the site where the President gives his speech on Independence Day. Its construction is attributed to Shah Jahan who also built the famous Taj Mahal in Agra, and was also known by the name Quila Mubarak and remained the residence of the Mughal Imperial family for nearly 20 decades.

red fort

5. Fatehpuri Sikri

Location: Agra, Uttar Pradesh

Built during the second half of the 16th century by the Emperor Akbar, Fatehpur Sikri (the City of Victory) was the capital of the Mughal Empire for only some 10 years. The complex of monuments and temples, all in a uniform architectural style, includes one of the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid.

fatehfur sikri

6. Konark Sun Temple

Location: Konark, Odisha

Konark temple in Odisha is the excellent example of genius masterpiece of both conception and realization. It is one of the outstanding art of Kalinga architecture of 13th century.

The Sun Temple at Konârak, located on the eastern shores of the Indian subcontinent, is one of the outstanding examples of temple architecture and art as revealed in its conception, scale and proportion, and in the sublime narrative strength of its sculptural embellishment. It is an outstanding testimony to the 13th-century kingdom of Orissa and a monumental example of the personification of divinity, thus forming an invaluable link in the history of the diffusion of the cult of Surya, the Sun God. In this sense, it is directly and materially linked to Brahmanism and tantricbelief systems.

Konark sun temple




7. Jallianwala Bagh

Location: Amritsar, Punjab

One of the major sites of the Indian struggle for Independence, the Jallianwala Bagh is a monument of National importance. It was here that the British officials opened fire on a rather peaceful Indian crowd including women and children. The garden is spread across an area of 6.5 acres and still contains several bullet marks left by the British.

Popularly known as the Amritsar Massacre, this incident took place on April 13, 1919, at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, and Punjab. It marks one of the major heinous political crimes committed by the Britishers during the twentieth century. It is named after the famous Jallianwala Bagh, which is a public garden stretched over an area of 7 acres, with walls covering all of its sides.

Jallianwala bagh

8. Khajuraho Temples,

Location: Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh 

Myths, legends and interpretations behind the erotic sculptures of Khajuraho which are just 10% of the overall carvings in the temples. Khajuraho has always been thought of as the place that exemplifies sensuality and eroticism at its best. However this is a misrepresentation as only about 10 percent of the sculptures are sensual and the rest are common depictions. Countless sculptures depicting love, eternal grace, beauty, delicacy and the creative arts can be seen in one of the most historical places in India. A perfect amalgamation of Hinduism and Jainism, these temples have carvings of cult icons, demi gods and Apsaras.

khajuraho temple

9. Sanchi Stupa,

Location: Sanchi, Raisen, Madhya Pradesh

Sanchi doesn’t need any introduction for being already tagged as one of the most significant places in India. The place is all about Buddhism and is a small village that is located at a distance of about fifty-two kilometers from Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Sanchi is a famous sightseeing destination that has innumerable Buddhist structures, pillars and monasteries. The majority of these monuments date back to the era between the 3rd and 12th century and Sanchi is now listed under the world heritage sites by UNESCO.

Unearth one of the most religious centers of Buddhism at the Sanchi Stupa that houses relics of the Buddha. This famous historical place in India was built by Lord Asoka in the 3rd century B.C for Emperor Ashoka. The Dome of the Stupa signifies the wheel of law and this stupa is actually considered as a symbol of Buddha’s freedom the circle of life and death (Moksha). The four gateways of the Stupa have various scenes from the Jataka tales and stories of Buddha’s life.

sanchi stup

10. Ajanta & Ellora Caves

Location: Aurangabad, Maharashtra

The enthralling caves of Ajanta and Ellora in Maharashtra are the epitome of beauty. With their authentic rock-cut sculptures and ancient Indian art, the caves have become a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Ajanta and Ellora caves represent true craftsmanship skills where each rock carving was done by hand. When British officer John Smith set out to chase a tiger in 1819, he would never have thought that he would uncover the majestic Ajanta caves. These 29 caves are full of sculptures and paintings that epitomise Buddha and various Jataka tales.

Blending three different religions: Buddhism, Jainism and Brahmanism, the 34 caves at Ellora have been carved on the walls of a basaltic hill. There are 12 Buddhist caves, 17 Hindu caves and 5 Jain caves. Most of these caves are monasteries that were used for praying and studying.

Ajanta_Ellora-Caves



References

[1] “Top 100 Places to Visit in India”, available online at: http://www.transindiatravels.com/india/best-places-to-visit-in-india/

[2] “16 Most Famous Historical Places in India that you need to Visit”, available online at: https://www.oyorooms.com/blog/famous-historical-places-in-india/

[3] 20 Most Famous Historical Places In India: You Think You Know Them Well Enough? http://traveltriangle.com/blog/famous-historical-places-in-india/

[4] Sharell Cook, “12 Top Historical Places in India You Must Visit”, available online at: https://www.tripsavvy.com/top-must-see-historical-places-in-india-3877198

[5] “23 Amazing Historical Places In India You Never Heard About!” available online at: https://www.tripoto.com/trip/famous-historical-places-in-india

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