Introduction of Bioinformatics

Quantitation and quantitative tools are indispensable in modern biology. Most biological research involves application of some type of mathematical, statistical, or computational tools to help synthesize recorded data and integrate various types of information in the process of answering a particular biological question. Bioinformatics involves the use of computers to collect, organize and use biological information to answer questions in fields like evolutionary biology. Definition of Bioinformatics Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary research area at the interface between computer science and biological science. A variety of definitions exist in the literature and on the World Wide Web; some are more inclusive than others. Bioinformatics involves the technology that uses computers for storage, information retrieval, manipulation, and distribution of information related to biological macromolecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins. The emphasis here is on the use of computers because most of the tasks in genomic data analysis are highly repetitive or mathematically complex. The use of computers is absolutely indispensable in mining genomes for information gathering and knowledge building. Bioinformatics is the science of developing computer databases and algorithms for the purpose of speeding up and enhancing biological research. It can be defined more specifically, “Bioinformatics combines the latest technology with biological…

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