The word “Republic” is used to denote that a country in which the supreme power is held by the people or their elected representatives (politicians) or by an elected or nominated President not by a permanent head like the King or queen of Britain. India is one of the important republican countries of the World. The Republic Day is enthusiastically observed by citizens as one of the important national festivals of India. Republic Day means a lot for every Indian. It is a day of great importance to all of us. We celebrate this day with big enthusiasm and courage. India is a great country famous for a saying “Unity in Diversity” where people of more than one religions living together with complete understanding, patience and brotherhood.
Republic day in India is celebrated every year with great pride on 26th of January to honour the Constitution of India as it came into force on the same day in the year 1950. It had replaced the Government of India Act, 1935 into the governing document of India. On this day, national holiday is declared by the Indian Government. The new Indian Constitution was sketched and approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly and decided to celebrate it on 26th of January every year as India became a republic country.
Celebrations of republic day in India
Much effort is put towards organizing events and celebrations that occur on Republic Day in India. Large military parades are held in New Delhi and the state capitals. Representatives of the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force and traditional dance troupes take part in the parades. A grand parade is held in New Delhi and the event starts with India’s prime minister laying a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, to remember soldiers who sacrificed their lives for their country. India’s president takes the military salute during the parade in New Delhi while state governors take the military salutes in state capitals. A foreign head of state is the president’s chief guest on Republic Day.
Awards and medals of bravery are given to the people from the armed forces and also to civilians. Helicopters from the armed forces then fly past the parade area showering rose petals on the audience. School children also participate in the parade by dancing and singing patriotic songs. Armed Forces personnel also showcase motorcycle rides. The parade concludes with a “fly past” by the Indian Air Force, which involves fighter planes of flying past the dais, symbolically saluting the president. These leave trails of smoke in the colors of the Indian flag.
There are many national and local cultural programs focusing on the history and culture of India. Children have a special place in these programs. Many children receive gifts of sweets or small toys. A prime minister’s rally also takes place around this time of the year, as well as the Lok Tarang – National Folk Dance Festival, which occurs annually from January 24-29.
Facts about Republic Day of India
Indian Constitution came into effect (officially into a legal circulation) on 26th of January in 1950, at 10:18 am after which India became a Republic country. Hence there are some facts on republic day.
- Indian Constitution came into effect especially on 26thof January because 26th of January, 1930 is an anniversary of Purna Swaraj Day.
- The Constitution of India is the longest written Constitution all over the world (which cannot be read in a single day); it has incorporated “448 Articles in 22 Parts, 12 Schedules and 97 Amendments”.
- Indian Constitution is written by the Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (Dr. B.R. Ambedkar). He is known as the father of Indian Constitution.
- The Constitution of India took around 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to be completed.
- Two copies of the Indian Constitution were hand-written, one in English and one in Hindi.
- Both hand-written copies of the Indian Constitution were signed on 24thof January in 1950 by around 308 members of the Assembly.
- Both of the originally hand-written Indian Constitution copies are kept safely in the helium-filled cases at the Library of Parliament House.
- After inception of the Indian Constitution, around 94 amendments (alterations) have been done.
- Satyamev Jayate (one of the biggest Indian motto) is taken from the Mundaka Upanishad, Atharvaveda. It was first translated in Hindi language by the Abid Ali in 1911.
- It was Madan Mohan Malviya who had selected the Indian motto of Satyamev Jayate.
- Jana Gana Mana (National Anthem) was written first in Bengali language by the Rabindranath Tagore.
- Jana Gana Mana (National Anthem) was first translated into Hindi language by the Abid Ali in 1911 which was later officially adopted as National Anthem of India in 1950 on 24thof January.
- The lyrics and music of Indian national anthem was given by Rabindranath Tagore in 1911.
- National Anthem of India was first sung in the meeting of Indian National Congress, Calcutta on 27thof December, 1911.
 “Facts about Republic Day of India”, available online at: http://www.indiacelebrating.com/events/republic-day-facts/
 “Republic Day in India”, available online at: https://www.timeanddate.com/holidays/india/republic-day
 Dr. Ratnakar Mohapatra, “The Republic Day of India: A Great National Festival”, available online at: http://magazines.odisha.gov.in/Orissareview/2010/Jan/engpdf/7-13.pdf