History of Kanha National Park
Kanha was originally formed a part of the Gondwana which means “Land of Gonds”. Given forest were inhibited by two aboriginal tribes of Central India, Gonds and Baigas. If we travel surrounding villages of Kanha National Parks, we may found majority of villagers are from same tribes. In late 1880, during British era, Kanha national park, called Central Provinces was setting for Rudyard Kipling’s Jungle Book stories. One can find described landscapes in forest of Kanha & Pench in Central India. Kanha national park spread across 940 sq. km; that is one of the largest parks in Madhya Pradesh where the majestic royal Bengal tigers are found in good numbers.
Overview of Kanha National Park
Kanha Kisli Tiger Reserve abounds in meadows or maidens which are basically open grasslands that have sprung up in fields of abandoned villages, evacuated to make way for the animals. There are many species of grass recorded at Kanha some of which are important for the survival of Barasingha. Dense forested zones with good crown cover have abundant species of climbers, shrubs and herbs flourishing in the understory. Aquatic plants in numerous “tal” (lakes) are life line for migratory and wetland species of birds.
The main wildlife attractions in the park are tiger, bison, gaur, sambhar, chital, barasingha, barking deer, black deer, black buck, chousingha, nilgai, mouse deer, sloth bear, jackal fox, porcupine, hyena, jungle cat, python, pea fowl, hare, monkey, mongoose, tiger, and leopard.
The birds species in the park include storks, teals, pintails, pond herons, egrets, peacock, pea fowl, jungle fowl, spur fowl, partridges, quails, ring doves, spotted parakeets, green pigeons, rock pigeons, cuckoos, papihas, rollers, bee-eater, hoopoes, drongos, warblers, kingfishers, woodpeckers, finches, orioles, owls, and fly catchers.
However, if one animal species were to represent Kanha, it would probably be the barasingha, or the swamp deer. The barasinghas at Kanha are unique, being the hard ground variety, which populate the large open tracts of grass amidst the forests of teak and bamboo. Twenty years ago, the barasingha was faced with extinction but some desperate measures including the fencing-off of some animals helped save them and again the air in Kanha bugle with their rutting calls.
Places to See in Kanha National Park
Bamni Dadar: Bamni dadar is one of the highest plateaus in tiger reserve and it shows a charming view of enormity and beauty of forests. It is highly recommended Bambni dadar while you visit the park. It is also known as the sunset point of Kanha. It is the highest point in Kanha. Here you will barking deer, spotted deer and Indian bison.
Sonf Meadows: Sonf village was the first village that moved out from Park area for making tiger reserve in Kanha. After in few years few Barasingha began to breed successfully. The thick and extensive cover of tall grasses protected the Barasingha fawns from predators.
Kanha Meadows: The Kanha Meadows is most popular place in Kanha due to spotting the tigers.
Shravan Tal: There is a small water pond in the reserve popularly known as Shravan tal. As per the belief, that it was named because of the history that the dutiful son Shravan Kumar came here to fetch water to his blind Parents.
Shravan Chita: Shravan Chita is so called place where the dutiful son Shravan Kumar, was cremated. The spot is at a center of the park when you enter from Kisli gate and moves towards Kanha. Large number of herbivores and carnivores animals and birds use to come here as the water availability in this pond is throughout the year.
Kanha Museum: Kanha Museum is situated near the entry of Kisli Gate. The museum is established and maintain by the forest department. Here you can find the skeletons of reptiles, carnivores and herbivores. The museum is opened throughout the day for the visitors.
Dasharatha Machan: Near the Shravan tal, you can see opposite to it mountain like structure called as Shravan machan. As per Indian mythology at this point the doomed arrow to dutiful son Shravan Kumar. The Hill is known as Macha Dongar. King Dasharatha used that machan as a hideout for hunting. The Machan is built at a height on the trees, where they wait patiently for animals to pass by.
Best Season to Visit Kanha National Park
February to June although cool season, October to February is much more comfortable and still very good for wildlife. The park is closed from July 01 to October 15 because of monsoon. In Kanha National Park there are 4 core are – Kanha (Kanha Zone is Premium Zone), Kisli, Sarahi, Mukki and 1 Buffer Zone – Khitauli. Wildlife sightings are good all over the preserve. One needs to book park entry in advance and arrange for gypsy as early as possible especially during the holiday season and festivals like Holi, Diwali, Dusshehra, New Year, Weekends.
How to reach Kanha National Park
Jabalpur is the best suitable place to reach Kanha National Park. City is in North-West of Kanha National Park. It is just 165kms/04:00hrs from park. Jabalpur city has airport having direct connectivity with Delhi. Jabalpur city is very well connected through trains with major cities of India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Bangalore, Pune, Lucknow, Jaipur, Agra, Varanasi, Ahmadabad etc. Jabalpur Airport is most suitable for reaching Kanha National Park. Jabalpur Airport is directly connected with Mumbai & Delhi.