Commonwealth Games

April 6, 2018 Author: virendra
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History

In 1891, John Astley Cooper first wrote about a sporting competition that would bring organized members of the British Empire, but it wasn’t until 1911, at the coronation of King George V, that an ‘Inter-Empire Championships’ was held. This occasion included teams from Australasia, Canada, South Africa and the United Kingdom. They competed in athletics, boxing, wrestling and swimming events.



The first official Commonwealth Games (called the British Empire Games) were held in 1930 in Hamilton, Canada. Four hundred athletes from 11 countries competed in 59 events across six sports: athletics, boxing, lawn bowls, rowing, aquatics (swimming and diving) and wrestling. Interestingly, women only competed in swimming events. The competing nations were: Australia, Bermuda, British Guyana, Canada, England, Northern Ireland, Newfoundland, New Zealand, Scotland, South Africa and Wales.

Since then, the Games have been conducted every four years (except for 1942 and 1946 due to World War II) and the event has seen many changes, not least in its name. From 1930 to 1950 the Games were known as the British Empire Games, from 1954 until 1966 the British Empire and Commonwealth Games, and from 1970 to 1974 they took on the title of British Commonwealth Games. It was the 1978 Games in Edmonton that saw this unique, world class, and multi-sports event change its name to the Commonwealth Games.

commonwealth-games

Commonwealth Games fast facts

  • The Queen’s baton relay, an opening tradition of the games, sees the Queen’s baton carried 190,000 km, that’s the equivalent of going around the earth almost 4.25 times.
  • Only six teams have attended every Commonwealth games – Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland and Wales.
  • The first commonwealth games type event was called the ‘Festival of Empire’ and was held in London in 1911. This event was organized to celebrate the coronation of King George V.
  • The most successful nation in the history of the Commonwealth games is Australia. They’ve won 803 gold medals and have a total medal count of over 2,000!
  • Between 1990 and 2002 the Nauruan weightlifter Marcus Stephen won twelve medals – seven of which were gold. In 2007 he was elected president of Nauru.
  • Australia’s youngest gold medal winner was swimmer Jenny Turrell, who was just 13 when she competed at the 1974 Games in Christchurch.
  • Amazingly, while 71 countries are eligible to compete in the Commonwealth Games, only six have attended every Games since 1930. These are Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland and Wales.




Host Cities and Country of Common wealth Games

After the 1938 Games in Sydney, the British Empire Games Federation allocated the 1942 Games to Montreal, Canada. The Games were officially abandoned following the outbreak of World War II. Canada was given the first option on the 1950 Games but declined.

Number Year Country City
I 1930 Canada Hamilton
II 1934 England London
III 1938 Australia Sydney
IV 1950 New Zealand Auckland
V 1954 Canada Vancouver
VI 1958 Wales Cardiff
VII 1962 Australia Perth
VIII 1966 Jamaica Kingston
IX 1970 Scotland Edinburgh
X 1974 New Zealand Christchurch
XI 1978 Canada Edmonton
XII 1982 Australia Brisbane
XIII 1986 Scotland Edinburgh
XIV 1990 New Zealand Auckland
XV 1994 Canada Victoria
XVI 1998 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
XVII 2002 England Manchester
XVIII 2006 Australia Melbourne
XIX 2010 India Delhi
XX 2014 Scotland Glasgow
XXI 2018 Australia Gold Coast

List of Games which is played in Commonwealth Games

The Commonwealth Games is an international, multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations. The first Commonwealth Games only included six sports. Today, the host nation include many of sports on their program:

  • Athletics
  • Badminton
  • Basketball
  • Bowls
  • Boxing
  • Cycling
  • Diving
  • Gymnastics
  • Hockey
  • Netball
  • Rugby Sevens
  • Shooting
  • Squash
  • Swimming
  • Table Tennis
  • Triathlon
  • Volleyball
  • Weightlifting

commonwealth games



References

[1] “Commonwealth Games”, available online at: https://www.forteachersforstudents.com.au/site/themed-curriculum/commonwealth-games/facts/#sports

[2] “5 interesting Commonwealth Games facts”, available online at: https://www.historyanswers.co.uk/inventions/5-surprising-origins-of-well-known-things/

[3] “Commonwealth Games 2018 Sports”, available online at: http://www.bbc.com/sport/commonwealth-games/sports

[4] “Host Cities”, available online at: https://www.topendsports.com/events/commonwealth-games/hosts/index.htm

[5] Tony Connelly, “BBC holds on to Commonwealth Games broadcast rights with 2018 Gold Coast deal”, available online at: http://www.thedrum.com/news/2016/03/14/bbc-holds-commonwealth-games-broadcast-rights-2018-gold-coast-deal

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