What is RSA Algorithm in Network Security?

RSA Algorithm is christened after its joint inventors, Ron Rivset, Adi Shamir and Leonard Adleman who invented it during 1977. This algorithm is the first of its kind that can be used for public key encryption as well as digital signatures. The RSA cryptosystem is the most widely-used public key cryptography algorithm in the world. It can be used to encrypt a message without the need to exchange a secret key separately. The RSA algorithm can be used for both public key encryption and digital signatures. Its security is based on the difficulty of factoring large integers. Party A can send an encrypted message to party B without any prior exchange of secret keys. A just uses B’s public key to encrypt the message and B decrypts it using the private key, which only he knows. RSA can also be used to sign a message, so A can sign a message using their private key and B can verify it using A’s public key. RSA algorithm is asymmetric cryptography algorithm. Asymmetric actually means that it works on two different keys i.e. Public Key and Private Key. As the name describes that the Public Key is given to everyone and Private Key…

What is Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) in Network Security

Cryptographic hash functions cannot be thought of outside mathematics. Cryptographic hash functions are a valuable tool in cryptography. They are applied in many areas of information security to provide protection of the authenticity of messages; data integrity verification which prevents modification of data from going undetected, time stamping and digital signature scheme. The hash functions that are used in various security related applications are called cryptographic hash functions. Secure Hashing Algorithms, also known as SHA, are a family of cryptographic functions designed to keep data secured. Overview of SHA The SHA i.e. Secure Hash Algorithm is basically based on the concept of hash function. The basic idea of a hash function is that it takes a variable length message as input and produces a fixed length message as output which can also be called as hash or message-digest. The trick behind building a good, secured cryptographic hash function is to devise a good compression function in which each input bit affects as many output bits as possible. In computer cryptography, a popular message compress standard is utilized known as Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA). Its enhanced version is called SHA-1. It has the ability to compress a fairly lengthy message and create…

What is Secure Socket layer (SSL) and How it Secure the Network

The boom of internet, web technologies bring the whole world under a single roof. Transferring information through e-ways leads security to be an important aspect to deal with. In recent years, there has been tremendous development in Internet. Right from retrieving information about any subject, you can use Internet for many purposes. But when two parties like client and a server are communicating over the Internet. Secure Socket layer (SSL) is vital to Web security. It provides a strong sense of confidentiality, message integrity, and server authentication to users. Overview of SSL SSL stands for Secure Sockets Layer protocol developed by Netscape and is the standard Internet protocol for secure communications. SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a standard security protocol for establishing an encrypted link between a server and a web browser. This link ensures that all data exchanged between the browser and the server remains secure. SSL allows your website and your visitor’s browser to transmit private, sensitive information without the worry of eavesdropping, web forgery, and data tampering. The main role of Secure Socket layer (SSL) is to provide security for Web traffic. Security includes confidentiality, message integrity, and authentication. SSL achieves these elements of security through the…

What is Firewall in Networking

The range of network security is very broad. The security in computer networks is a rapidly growing area of concern. Most of the valuable information resides on the network, making network an inevitable entity for survival. Security is optimized by lack of access; connectivity is optimized by complete access. Internet enabled organizations; wireless connectivity and roaming clientage have made network peripheries relatively transparent. With the rapid application and popularization of computer networks, the increase of difficult steps of enterprises and government information digitization, existing enterprise network system structure is increasingly complex. Complex network structure gives a lot of safety concerns; the need for network security is also in rapid increase of the nature of the unprecedented.  Overview of Firewall The rapid development of Internet has brought great convenience to people’s life, but at the same time, the Internet is faced with unprecedented threat. Therefore, how to use effective feasible method to make the network risk within an acceptable range is in the attention of more and more people get. Firewalls are network devices which enforce an organization’s security policy. Firewalls protect a trusted network from an untrusted network by filtering traffic according to a specified security policy. A diverse set…

What is Digital Identity in Network Security and How it Works

Having an identity and expressing it have been of that importance from the early time. Digital identity related mechanisms are the core of modern systems, networks, and applications security. In an increasingly borderless and digital world, privacy and security cannot be ensured through the construction of walls around sensitive information. Identity is the new frontier of privacy and security, where the very nature of entities is what allows them to complete some transactions but be denied from completing others.  To understand the importance of identity and the criticality of strong identity protocols that protect against cyber-risk and suit the needs of transacting parties, it is essential to understand what identity is, and its role in enabling transactions. Overview of Digital Identity Digital identity is said to be at the heart of many contemporary strategic modernizations and innovations, ranging from crime, misconduct, offence, internal and external security, business models etc. This necessitates disclosing the personal information within ubiquitous environment. A digital identity is an online or networked identity adopted or claimed in cyberspace by an individual, organization or electronic device. These users may also project more than one digital identity through multiple communities. In terms of digital identity management, key areas of concern…

What is Password Authentication protocol (PAP)
Technology & Science , Web Security / February 22, 2018

In many systems, the user authentication is widely applied and discussed in security services. Password authentication, which is widely used for authenticated method, also is important protocol by requiring a username and password before being allowed access to resources. In an internet environment, a remote user has to obtain the access right from a server before doing any job. The procedure of obtaining access right is called a user authentication protocol. User authentication via user memorable password provides convenience without needing any auxiliary devices, such as smart card. It is very common that a server in a network of resources is used to provide controlled access to the network or to applications residing within the network. Therefore, it is necessary for the server to authenticate the client via username and password. Overview of Password Authentication protocol Password authentication is one of the simplest and the most convenient authentication mechanisms to deal with secret data over insecure networks. It is more frequently required in areas such as computer networks, wireless networks, remote login systems, operation systems, and database management systems. To access resources at remote systems, users should have proper access rights. One of the simplest and most convenient security mechanisms is…

What is Plagiarism Detection
Big Data , Technology & Science , Web Security / February 15, 2018

Plagiarism is the reuse of someone else’s prior ideas, processes, results, or words without explicitly acknowledging the original author and source. In modern years, plagiarism has raised great concern over knowledgeable property protection. Plagiarists violate knowledgeable property rights either by copying source/binary code or by stealing and covertly implementing protected algorithms. The first case is also known as software plagiarism. Plagiarism involves reproducing the existing information in modified format or sometimes the original document as it is. This is quiet common among students, researchers and academicians. This has made some strong influence on research community and awareness among academic peoples to prevent such a kind of misuse. in this presented article Plagiarism Detection is explained. Overview of Plagiarism Detection A word may have several possible meanings and senses due to the richness of natural languages, which make detecting plagiarism a hard task especially when dealing with semantic meaning, not just searching for patterns of text that are illegally copied from others (copy and paste texts from digital resources without acknowledging the original resource), Plagiarism occurs in various forms: submitting another’s work exactly same without proper citation, paraphrasing text, reordering the sentences, using synonyms, or changing grammar, code plagiarism etc. Plagiarism is…

What is Cross Site Scripting (XSS or CSS)

Nowadays, with the network expanding quickly, especially Web 2.0 increasing, internet is not anonymous to us anymore. It is a good platform for users to communicate, chat, do business or play game together. For instance, we usually go to Google to search information, Amazon or E-Bay to buy books and many other goods and we also go to My-Space to communicate with friends. Therefore, there is no doubt that Internet is gradually becoming an integral part our daily life. So providing a beneficial and safe networking environment is significantly necessary. If there is vulnerability in a famous website, a lot of visitors will be attacked customers and the result cannot be imagined. XSS is the most common security vulnerability in software today. This should not be the case as XSS is easy to find and easy to fix. XSS vulnerabilities can have consequences such as tampering and sensitive data theft. Overview With the Internet expanding quickly, there are more and more vulnerabilities which threaten billions of customers. Therefore, we must prevent these vulnerabilities from happening in order to provide a safer environment for surfing the Internet. Cross-site Scripting (XSS) refers to client-side code injection attack wherein an attacker can execute…

Understanding of Geographic Information System (GIS)

Geographical Information System (GIS) is a technology that provides the means to collect and use geographic data to assist in the development of Agriculture. A digital map is generally of much greater value than the same map printed on a paper as the digital version can be combined with other sources of data for analyzing information with a graphical presentation. The GIS software makes it possible to synthesize large amounts of different data, combining different layers of information to manage and retrieve the data in a more useful manner. GIS provides a powerful means for agricultural scientists to better service to the farmers and farming community in answering their query and helping in a better decision making to implement planning activities for the development of agriculture. overview of Geographic Information System (GIS) A Geographical Information System (GIS) is a system for capturing, storing, analyzing and managing data and associated attributes, which are spatially referenced to the Earth. The geographical information system is also called as a geographic information system or geospatial information system. It is an information system capable of integrating, storing, editing, analyzing, sharing, and displaying geographically referenced information. In a more generic sense, GIS is a software tool that…

An Introduction of Cross Site Request Forgery (CSRF/XSRF)
Technology & Science , Web Security / January 10, 2018

Now-a-days, Internet plays an important role for the business people and for the commercial use. Everyday life becomes easier for the internet users because of the progression in the technologies, but some vulnerability moves the web application to a risky environment. Even though many internet users get increased, the attackers too get increased in balance. So the security providence becomes must in the case of secure organization, defense personals and financial bank those interact with public. The web has become an indispensable part of our lives. Unfortunately, as our dependency on the web increases, so does the interest of attackers in exploiting web applications and web-based information systems. Definition of Cross Site Request Forgery Cross Site Request Forgery is considered as one of top vulnerability in today’s web, where an untrusted website can force the user browser to send the unauthorized valid request to the trusted site. Cross Site Request Forgery will let the integrity of the legitimate user. Cross‐site request forgery (CSRF; also known as XSRF or hostile linking) is a class of attack that affects web based applications with a predictable structure for invocation. This class of attack has in some form been known about and exploited since before…

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