22 March : Katsuko Saruhashi (1920)
History / March 21, 2018

Saruhashi Katsuko is born Mar 22, 1920, in Tokyo, Japan. She is the first female who earned doctorate in chemistry from University of Tokyo. She was a geochemist who made first measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in seawater and subsequently showed the evidence in seawater and the atmosphere of the dangers of radioactive fallout. Personality When Saruhashi Katsuko was a young child, people would mock her about the ironic contrast between the name given to her and her personality. Her given name, Katsuko, literally translates as strong-minded or victorious. However, she was quite the opposite. Born in Tokyo in 1920, she was the long awaited baby girl of Saruhashi Kuniharu and Saruhashi Kuno. Spoiled by her parents and older brother Eiichi, Saruhashi was a shy, weeping, introverted little girl. She was a successful geochemist, who worked at the Japanese Transport Ministry’s Meteorological Research Institute (MRI) for 35 years. She was the first woman to be elected as the member of the Science Council of Japan, the country’s “parliament of science” (1981-1985). She was the first woman to receive the Miyake Prize for geochemistry in 1985. She established the Society of Japanese Women Scientists, but not just as a “system…

21 March : International Day of Forests
Culture , Health & Fitness / March 21, 2018

In 21 December 2012, United Nations General Assembly declared that 21 March of each year is to be observed as the International Day of Forests. The resolution encourages all Member States to organize activities relating to all types of forests. It includes include tree-planting and other community-level events, and national celebrations including art, photo and film as well as social media outreach. Background Forests cover one third of the Earth’s land mass. Billions of people depend on forests for their livelihoods, medicines, fuel, food and shelter. Forests are the most biologically-diverse ecosystems on land and home for different species of animals, plants and insects. But it is too unfortunate, about 13 million hectares of forest are destroyed annually. Deforestation increases the mismanagement of global greenhouse gas emissions that affect to climate change. The International Day of Forests is motivated to raise awareness of the importance of forests to people. Sustainable management of all types of forests are at the heart of unlocking challenges of conflict-affected, developing and developed countries, for the benefit of current and future generations. Key Messages The following key message is announced for the 2018 by the United Nations. Forests and trees help to mitigate the impacts…

What is Digital Identity in Network Security and How it Works

Having an identity and expressing it have been of that importance from the early time. Digital identity related mechanisms are the core of modern systems, networks, and applications security. In an increasingly borderless and digital world, privacy and security cannot be ensured through the construction of walls around sensitive information. Identity is the new frontier of privacy and security, where the very nature of entities is what allows them to complete some transactions but be denied from completing others.  To understand the importance of identity and the criticality of strong identity protocols that protect against cyber-risk and suit the needs of transacting parties, it is essential to understand what identity is, and its role in enabling transactions. Overview of Digital Identity Digital identity is said to be at the heart of many contemporary strategic modernizations and innovations, ranging from crime, misconduct, offence, internal and external security, business models etc. This necessitates disclosing the personal information within ubiquitous environment. A digital identity is an online or networked identity adopted or claimed in cyberspace by an individual, organization or electronic device. These users may also project more than one digital identity through multiple communities. In terms of digital identity management, key areas of concern…

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